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Hematology

Hematology

Hematology, a subspecialty of internal medicine focuses on patients with disorders of the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic systems. Our team of hematologists at Star Hospitals is known for providing world-class treatment ensuring that our patients remain hale and hearty. Some of the conditions treated by our hematologists are described as follows:

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

It is characterized by reduced amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a shortage in the amount of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. Excessive blood loss or certain diseases breaking down the red blood cells and hemoglobin can also add to the occurrence of anemia.

This can lead to symptoms such as a pale appearance, weakness, fatigueand breathlessness. In the case of iron deficiency anemia, inadequate amounts of hemoglobin (oxygen carrying compounds) are found in red blood cells. Hemoglobin contains one iron molecule at its core and if this iron is missing, red blood cells appear pale and small when viewed under the microscope.

Iron tablets or iron compound injections (in severe cases) are administered to treat iron deficiency anemia.

  • Hemoglobinopathies

Abnormalities in the globin chain inside a hemoglobin molecule cause genetic defects resulting in hemoglobinopathies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are few conditions to be taken cognizance of, when suffering from this disorder.

  • Platelets and Bleeding Disorders

Examples of platelet and bleeding disorders that may be treated by hematologists include idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombocytopenic purpura, hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. Treatment involves the use of engineered coagulation factor medications and blood transfusions.

  • Hematologists also treat cancers and bone marrow disorders and examples include leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, multiple myeloma and myelofibrosis.
  • Hematologists undertake Bone marrow Stem Cell Transplantation and also manage the blood transfusions that may be required in various different conditions including major blood loss due to trauma.
  • Diet changes
  • Oral iron preparations that may be taken as tablets or liquids.
  • Blood disorders such as Megaloblastic Anemia are treated with Vitamin B12 injections and folic acid pills.
  • Anticoagulation therapy to prevent excess blood coagulation
  • Therapeutic blood-letting is applied in rare cases of polycythemia or iron overload. One drug that is commonly used for iron overload is desferrioxamine.
  • Various blood cancer chemotherapies are provided under the care of hematologists

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