Hematology, a subspecialty of internal medicine focuses on patients with disorders of the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic systems. Our team of hematologists at Star Hospitals is known for providing world-class treatment ensuring that our patients remain hale and hearty. Some of the conditions treated by our hematologists are described as follows:
It is characterized by reduced amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a shortage in the amount of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. Excessive blood loss or certain diseases breaking down the red blood cells and hemoglobin can also add to the occurrence of anemia.
This can lead to symptoms such as a pale appearance, weakness, fatigueand breathlessness. In the case of iron deficiency anemia, inadequate amounts of hemoglobin (oxygen carrying compounds) are found in red blood cells. Hemoglobin contains one iron molecule at its core and if this iron is missing, red blood cells appear pale and small when viewed under the microscope.
Iron tablets or iron compound injections (in severe cases) are administered to treat iron deficiency anemia.
Abnormalities in the globin chain inside a hemoglobin molecule cause genetic defects resulting in hemoglobinopathies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are few conditions to be taken cognizance of, when suffering from this disorder.
Examples of platelet and bleeding disorders that may be treated by hematologists include idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombocytopenic purpura, hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. Treatment involves the use of engineered coagulation factor medications and blood transfusions.