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Haematology

Haematology

Haematology, a subspecialty of internal medicine focuses on patients with disorders of the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic systems. Our team of haematologists at Star Hospitals is known for providing world-class treatment ensuring that our patients remain hale and hearty. Some of the conditions treated by our haematologists are described as follows:

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia

It is characterized by a reduced amount of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a shortage in the amount of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. Excessive blood loss or certain diseases breaking down the red blood cells and haemoglobin can also add to the occurrence of anaemia.

This can lead to symptoms such as a pale appearance, weakness, fatigue and breathlessness. In the case of iron deficiency anaemia, inadequate amounts of haemoglobin (oxygen-carrying compounds) are found in red blood cells. Haemoglobin contains one iron molecule at its core and if this iron is missing, red blood cells appear pale and small when viewed under the microscope.

Iron tablets or iron compound injections (in severe cases) are administered to treat iron deficiency anaemia.

  • Hemoglobinopathies

Abnormalities in the globin chain inside a haemoglobin molecule cause genetic defects resulting in hemoglobinopathies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are few conditions to be taken cognizance of when suffering from this disorder.

  • Platelets and Bleeding Disorders

Examples of platelet and bleeding disorders that may be treated by haematologists include idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombocytopenic purpura, haemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. Treatment involves the use of engineered coagulation factor medications and blood transfusions.

  • Haematologists also treat cancers and bone marrow disorders and examples include leukemia, lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, multiple myeloma and myelofibrosis.
  • Haematologists undertake Bone marrow Stem Cell Transplantation and also manage the blood transfusions that may be required in various conditions including major blood loss due to trauma.
  • Diet changes
  • Oral iron preparations that may be taken as tablets or liquids.
  • Blood disorders such as Megaloblastic Anaemia are treated with Vitamin B12 injections and folic acid pills.
  • Anticoagulation therapy to prevent excess blood coagulation
  • Therapeutic blood-letting is applied in rare cases of polycythaemia or iron overload. One drug that is commonly used for iron overload is desferrioxamine.
  • Various blood cancer chemotherapies are provided under the care of haematologists

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