Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. Health care is delivered by health professionals offered through a health care system made up of hospitals and physicians. It includes the work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. STAR Hospitals work as a multidisciplinary team who systematically provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative care services.
Primary care refers to the work of health professionals who act as a first point of consultation for all patients within the health care system. Depending on the nature of the health condition, patients may then be referred for secondary or tertiary care. Primary care is provided to patients same day with appointment or walk-in basis. It involves the widest scope of health care, including all ages of patients, patients of all socioeconomic and geographic origins, patients seeking to maintain optimal health, and patients with all manner of acute and chronic physical, mental and social health issues, including multiple chronic diseases. Our primary care practitioners possess a wide breadth of knowledge in many areas. Common chronic illnesses usually treated in primary care may include, for example: hypertension, diabetes, asthma, COPD, depression and anxiety, back pain, arthritis or thyroid dysfunction.
Secondary care is the health care services provided by STAR Hospitals medical specialists and other health professionals who generally do not have first contact with patients: for example, cardiologists, urologists, etc. It includes acute care: necessary treatment for a short period of time for a brief but serious illness, injury or other health condition, such as in our hospital emergency department. It also includes skilled attendance during childbirth, intensive care, and medical imaging services.
Tertiary care is specialized consultative health care, usually for inpatients and on referral from a primary or secondary health professional, in a facility that has personnel and facilities for advanced medical investigation and treatment, such as STAR Hospitals. Examples of tertiary care services are cancer management, neurosurgery, cardiac surgery, plastic surgery and other complex medical and surgical interventions. The quantity and quality of many health care interventions are improved through the results of science, such as advanced through the medical model of health which focuses on the eradication of illness through diagnosis and effective treatment. Many important advances have been made through health research undertaken in STAR Hospitals.